They say the economy is recovering and we are coming out of the crisis. True or not the fact is that sales of new cars follow an upward pace and the forecast is to end the year surpassing the million enrollments, something that did not happen since 2008.

The continuous offers of the concessionaires together with an improvement of the financing and the cheaper of the mortgages by the descent of the Euribor are some of the reasons that the particular buyers are encouraging to buy car. For all those who are currently immersed in the process of buying or are thinking of taking the step, this guide can be a good ally to hit the car that best suits your needs.

What use are you going to give the car?

That’s the first question you have to ask yourself. If there is a concrete car that you do not get out of your head and have no budget problem, go ahead with it! But if it is not the case you will appreciate what kind of car, motor, equipment… choose.

It is essential that you mark a budget, your level of debt and the real ability to repay the loan in case you don’t pay cash. Keep in mind that when you buy a new car you will have to pay 21% VAT on a general basis (other types of VAT) and the enrollment tax between 0% and 14.75% depending on the level of CO2 emissions of the vehicle.

If you have just taken your driver’s license and you are looking for your first car, a second hand can be a good option, you will get cheaper and you will not get so much disgust if you give a blow. Against that, you’ll have to give up brand new car.

The advantages of a used car is that with the same budget you can opt for one of the highest category or with more equipment. What usually throws people back is the uncertainty about their status and the lack of history information. In this sense in a dealership or a sale you will find more guarantees, although the price will be more expensive than if you buy a particular.

Used car warranty and new car warranty.

You should also assess whether it will be a second car that will be used mainly in town, with children, for several long trips a year… According to each case you will need a car with a low urban consumption, with body of five doors or with a good trunk to store the luggage or the baby’s cart.

In the market there are many types of cars, with different powers, bodywork’s… In case you look for a car for all types of use you will have to put on a scale what you consider essential and what can be secondary to find the car that best suits your needs.

Gasoline, diesel, LPG, hybrid or electric

The sale of cars propelled by diesel engines is still predominant with respect to other motor vehicles. But we must not be driven by the impulse that diesel is cheaper than gasoline. The price difference is no longer as outstanding as it was years ago, adding that the manufacturers have greatly improved the consumption of petrol engines and have managed to improve the performance of diesel direct injection.

Cars with diesel engines are between 1,500 and 2,000 euros more expensive than their gasoline equivalent and, although they are more resistant engines, their maintenance cost is higher so they do not always compensate. You will amortize the overprice of a diesel if you travel at least 15,000 kilometers per year. If the car you are going to use mainly in town and for short trips you will find it more interesting to buy a gasoline.

Another increasingly used alternative is to buy LPG cars or liquefied petroleum gas. Its cost is 50 percent cheaper than gasoline. This fuel wears less engine elements and its maintenance is more economical, in return you will have to pay between 1,500 and 2,500 euros more than one of gasoline so you’ll get to amortize it to the 50,000 kilometers of life of the car.

Now in the market you find a greater range of hybrid models – combine a conventional engine with another electric. They are low maintenance vehicles and are a good option for urban routes that is where we take advantage of the driving mode 100 per hundred electric.

Pure electrics are even cheaper to maintain and the cost of recharge at night is usually less than two euros for 100 kilometers. But its acquisition cost remains high compared to a conventional car, limited autonomy and scarce recharge network.

What equipment is essential

Automatic or manual change? Maybe you can start by asking yourself this question. Nowadays automatic transmissions have evolved a lot, especially with the incorporation of the double clutch change that usually offer even better performance and lower consumption than a manual one. We recommend that you order a test at the dealership and the values for your convenience, especially if you are going to circulate mainly by city. Of course, they are more expensive than manuals and breakdowns, although infrequent, are more expensive.

Important is the equipment that can include both in active safety (try to avoid an accident) as passive (which reduces the damage after an accident occurs). Elements such as front airbags, anti-lock braking system or ABS, stability control, traction control or tyre pressure sensor are already standard on all vehicles. You can optionally include side airbags, knee, head… the more equipped, the safer the occupants will move.

If you are traveling with children it is also important that the car has an Isofix fastening system and that the copilot airbag can be switched off. Remember that children can no longer travel in front except three exceptions.

Depending on the area where you live (depending on the temperature) It is also important that the car equips air conditioning or climate control. The climate control is somewhat more expensive but more comfortable and effective when regulating the temperature inside the cockpit. Choosing one system or another will depend on the budget you have.

To assess that the steering wheel is regulated in height and depth to be able to drive in the correct position, that has speed control, a MP3 player with USB port or Bluetooth to be able to connect the mobile phone.

The car equipment list includes numerous driving assistance devices, all you can add will always be for security. Where else you can do without is the aesthetic elements or comfort. It will all depend on the budget you have.

Where I inform myself

You’re more or less clear about the car you need. Now is the time to look for potential candidates. On the Internet you will find all the information about the models on the market, technical data sheets and prices, new arrivals, vehicle tests, etc.

You can also consult information and configure your car in the pages of the brands. We advise you to inform yourself and decide on two or three models before you start visiting dealerships.

Offers and discounts

We are in one of the best times to buy cars for the aggressive discounts of brands and dealers. In times of crisis a sale got worth gold. Specifically, the average discount of the first six months of the year was 4,300 euros, 6.5% more than in the same period of the previous year.

It has always been said that buying a car at the end of the month or the year allowed to get it at a better price because the dealers tried to meet targets but now those discounts are not noticeable because you can find them all year. Still, it’s always on those dates when vendors are more pressured.

If you are not a fan of going to the last, you can take a new car at a good price if you opt for a model that is about to be replaced by a new generation.

Do not forget to read the small print of the offers, as most include the PIVE Plan aids (so you have to deliver a used car in return) and are linked to finance the car with the brand financial.

How to negotiate with the dealership

A recent study of the organization of consumers and users (OCU) points out differences of up to 5,800 euros in the price of the same car after visiting 129 dealers in 10 cities. The discount between the first price offered and the last one varies between 12% and 24% depending on the brand and the location of the concessionaire.

This tells us the importance of making a round of visits by several dealers in search of the best price. To ‘ haggle ‘ it is essential to be well informed of the vehicle and that the seller will see you safe on your purchase. The more flexible you are when choosing equipment, body color and motorizing, the easier it will be to get better price.

For the best discounts, OCU recommends asking for a written quote and broken down to facilitate negotiation. The budget must include: the base price of the car – with its general data, model and motorization, finishing and extras-, the discounts and bonuses that are included, the taxes, VAT and registration tax, the costs of pre-delivery and registration- These are free, depend on each brand, and can go from 173 to 900 euros-and finally the date of validity of the budget.

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