They say the economy is recovering and we are coming out of the crisis. True or not the fact is that sales of new cars follow an upward pace and the forecast is to end the year surpassing the million enrollments, something that did not happen since 2008.

The continuous offers of the concessionaires together with an improvement of the financing and the cheaper of the mortgages by the descent of the Euribor are some of the reasons that the particular buyers are encouraging to buy car. For all those who are currently immersed in the process of buying or are thinking of taking the step, this guide can be a good ally to hit the car that best suits your needs.

What use are you going to give the car?

That’s the first question you have to ask yourself. If there is a concrete car that you do not get out of your head and have no budget problem, go ahead with it! But if it is not the case you will appreciate what kind of car, motor, equipment… choose.

It is essential that you mark a budget, your level of debt and the real ability to repay the loan in case you don’t pay cash. Keep in mind that when you buy a new car you will have to pay 21% VAT on a general basis (other types of VAT) and the enrollment tax between 0% and 14.75% depending on the level of CO2 emissions of the vehicle.

If you have just taken your driver’s license and you are looking for your first car, a second hand can be a good option, you will get cheaper and you will not get so much disgust if you give a blow. Against that, you’ll have to give up brand new car.

The advantages of a used car is that with the same budget you can opt for one of the highest category or with more equipment. What usually throws people back is the uncertainty about their status and the lack of history information. In this sense in a dealership or a sale you will find more guarantees, although the price will be more expensive than if you buy a particular.

Used car warranty and new car warranty.

You should also assess whether it will be a second car that will be used mainly in town, with children, for several long trips a year… According to each case you will need a car with a low urban consumption, with body of five doors or with a good trunk to store the luggage or the baby’s cart.

In the market there are many types of cars, with different powers, bodywork’s… In case you look for a car for all types of use you will have to put on a scale what you consider essential and what can be secondary to find the car that best suits your needs.

Gasoline, diesel, LPG, hybrid or electric

The sale of cars propelled by diesel engines is still predominant with respect to other motor vehicles. But we must not be driven by the impulse that diesel is cheaper than gasoline. The price difference is no longer as outstanding as it was years ago, adding that the manufacturers have greatly improved the consumption of petrol engines and have managed to improve the performance of diesel direct injection.

Cars with diesel engines are between 1,500 and 2,000 euros more expensive than their gasoline equivalent and, although they are more resistant engines, their maintenance cost is higher so they do not always compensate. You will amortize the overprice of a diesel if you travel at least 15,000 kilometers per year. If the car you are going to use mainly in town and for short trips you will find it more interesting to buy a gasoline.

Another increasingly used alternative is to buy LPG cars or liquefied petroleum gas. Its cost is 50 percent cheaper than gasoline. This fuel wears less engine elements and its maintenance is more economical, in return you will have to pay between 1,500 and 2,500 euros more than one of gasoline so you’ll get to amortize it to the 50,000 kilometers of life of the car.

Now in the market you find a greater range of hybrid models – combine a conventional engine with another electric. They are low maintenance vehicles and are a good option for urban routes that is where we take advantage of the driving mode 100 per hundred electric.

Pure electrics are even cheaper to maintain and the cost of recharge at night is usually less than two euros for 100 kilometers. But its acquisition cost remains high compared to a conventional car, limited autonomy and scarce recharge network.

What equipment is essential

Automatic or manual change? Maybe you can start by asking yourself this question. Nowadays automatic transmissions have evolved a lot, especially with the incorporation of the double clutch change that usually offer even better performance and lower consumption than a manual one. We recommend that you order a test at the dealership and the values for your convenience, especially if you are going to circulate mainly by city. Of course, they are more expensive than manuals and breakdowns, although infrequent, are more expensive.

Important is the equipment that can include both in active safety (try to avoid an accident) as passive (which reduces the damage after an accident occurs). Elements such as front airbags, anti-lock braking system or ABS, stability control, traction control or tyre pressure sensor are already standard on all vehicles. You can optionally include side airbags, knee, head… the more equipped, the safer the occupants will move.

If you are traveling with children it is also important that the car has an Isofix fastening system and that the copilot airbag can be switched off. Remember that children can no longer travel in front except three exceptions.

Depending on the area where you live (depending on the temperature) It is also important that the car equips air conditioning or climate control. The climate control is somewhat more expensive but more comfortable and effective when regulating the temperature inside the cockpit. Choosing one system or another will depend on the budget you have.

To assess that the steering wheel is regulated in height and depth to be able to drive in the correct position, that has speed control, a MP3 player with USB port or Bluetooth to be able to connect the mobile phone.

The car equipment list includes numerous driving assistance devices, all you can add will always be for security. Where else you can do without is the aesthetic elements or comfort. It will all depend on the budget you have.

Where I inform myself

You’re more or less clear about the car you need. Now is the time to look for potential candidates. On the Internet you will find all the information about the models on the market, technical data sheets and prices, new arrivals, vehicle tests, etc.

You can also consult information and configure your car in the pages of the brands. We advise you to inform yourself and decide on two or three models before you start visiting dealerships.

Offers and discounts

We are in one of the best times to buy cars for the aggressive discounts of brands and dealers. In times of crisis a sale got worth gold. Specifically, the average discount of the first six months of the year was 4,300 euros, 6.5% more than in the same period of the previous year.

It has always been said that buying a car at the end of the month or the year allowed to get it at a better price because the dealers tried to meet targets but now those discounts are not noticeable because you can find them all year. Still, it’s always on those dates when vendors are more pressured.

If you are not a fan of going to the last, you can take a new car at a good price if you opt for a model that is about to be replaced by a new generation.

Do not forget to read the small print of the offers, as most include the PIVE Plan aids (so you have to deliver a used car in return) and are linked to finance the car with the brand financial.

How to negotiate with the dealership

A recent study of the organization of consumers and users (OCU) points out differences of up to 5,800 euros in the price of the same car after visiting 129 dealers in 10 cities. The discount between the first price offered and the last one varies between 12% and 24% depending on the brand and the location of the concessionaire.

This tells us the importance of making a round of visits by several dealers in search of the best price. To ‘ haggle ‘ it is essential to be well informed of the vehicle and that the seller will see you safe on your purchase. The more flexible you are when choosing equipment, body color and motorizing, the easier it will be to get better price.

For the best discounts, OCU recommends asking for a written quote and broken down to facilitate negotiation. The budget must include: the base price of the car – with its general data, model and motorization, finishing and extras-, the discounts and bonuses that are included, the taxes, VAT and registration tax, the costs of pre-delivery and registration- These are free, depend on each brand, and can go from 173 to 900 euros-and finally the date of validity of the budget.

In a previous article we were telling you all about the aid for the purchase of electric vehicles, why they exist in different countries, and how they are exactly in Spain in 2015. Well, if you’ve wondered about what price you can buy an electric car in our country, this article will interest you.

First because we are going to remind you of several tips to keep in mind if you are thinking of buying an electric car, and second because we have developed a complete table in which you can quickly see the offer of all the electric cars that there are at this moment on sale.

Tips for buying an electric car

Well, if you are attracted to electric cars, for their response, silence and comfort, if you are aware that you have to make an effort to have less polluting cars that do not pollution the air of cities (an electric car is zero local emissions) and if You spend a lot of money a month refueling your current car with combustion engine, you are very likely to be interested in an electric car. However you should consider the following.

Do you have anywhere to park it?

Almost the most important thing to buy an electric car to this day: If you do not have a parking space to park your car, be it an individual garage, be it a place in a collective garage, be it on property, or at least rent, almost better not to consider having a coch and electric. Today you will be almost impossible to recharge and also have to pay more expensive electricity than if you recharge at home.

If you have a parking space, nothing happens if there is no plug in it (although if there is, you will save money). You can consider the different possibilities of installing a refill point in the garage (we explain it in your day in detail, keep an eye on it). The installation is not as complicated as it may seem, you do not need a special power and it is not so expensive (although it is an investment to be taken into account). Keep in mind that the dealer will have to pay up to 1,210 euros (VAT included) of that reload point you install, or you will get an equivalent discount for that amount if you already have a plug.

If you don’t have a garage, the thing gets a lot complicated, but hopefully you can consider two options that will get you out of trouble. The first one, if you use the car for the job, is that you can have a refill point at work. If you spend 8 hours there is more than enough time to recharge the car. The last option, more complicated, but not impossible, is that you try to negotiate with a load manager the installation of a recharge post on the street. Keep in mind that they can say no, and that if they accept you will ask for a certain commitment and you will have to hire a higher consumption rate (to make it profitable).

Keep in mind the use you are going to give

The electric cars have a limited autonomy, except in some honorable exception that usually goes out of price for the majority of Spanish drivers. This will change over the years, but right now it’s what there is. Keep in mind that in an electric car of average type, and of more or less affordable price (more or less), the homologous autonomy does not exceed 240 km.

Keep in mind also that real autonomy, in general, will be less. This will depend on the shape and style of driving, or whether you should use a lot of air conditioning or heating (this, on the other hand, also happens with cars with internal combustion engine, which also consume more than what manufacturers say, eye). Well, in general, on average, an electric car comes to have a real autonomy of between 125 and 150 km. There are some models that can be left in an unfavorable situation about 100 km, and there are some models that can reach 175 km, or even a little more in favorable situations.

The electric car is currently thought of as a second car, except that to make trips you prefer the train or the plane, and then it will be perfectly your only car. Given their autonomy are ideal to move around the city and surroundings, for example to go from a small town around the great capital, to the center of this. They do not serve to make trips (there is some exception, but that is an exception). If in addition to a recharge point at home you can have a recharge point for half a day, at work, at the university or at the mall, for example, you will have more useful autonomy.

The purchase price and the cost of use

Today electric cars are more expensive than conventional cars, but also come models with more interesting prices. The existence of aid for the purchase reduces the price. Do not forget that in some autonomous communities there are also supports that are compatible with those of the state. Remember, yes, that the amount of aid must be included in the annual income statement, and that a party will have to return it to the Treasury.

This does not mean that an electric car can not be economically profitable. In fact for many drivers it is. If you make many kilometers between city and surroundings, you will find the profitability. In your day we talked to you all the costs to consider to compare an electric car with a conventional car. The main advantage of an electric car is its low power consumption, so that with the hourly discrimination rate supervalle, charging at home at night when electricity is cheaper, perform 100 km with an electric car, taxes included, It costs between 1 and 1.30 euros, depending on the car.

When you compare the purchase price of an electric car with a conventional car, do not forget to do it to equal equipment. For example keep in mind that an electric car is in practice a car with automatic change, and that should be valued.

Also remember that you can save money in other ways, for example in parking: in Madrid and Barcelona (and are not the only cities), you can park in a regulated parking area without having to pay parking meter. There are drivers who have to move around a lot in the city that save enough money thanks to this.

Compact cars (also called C-segment cars) are the most sold car type in Spain. It’s not something I should miss, as they serve everything. Although they do not have the facilities to cope in urban areas that characterize the micro-urban and utilitarian, its size is sufficiently contained to not have too many problems to maneuver in town and park. Unlike them, with a compact car you can face a long journey with greater guarantees and solvency. They do not have a spectacular cockpit to accommodate five adults, but they can. And their trunks are quite capable.

Sales of compact cars in Spain are 26% of the market and reached 189,204 units in 2013, 9% more than the previous year, while the market grew 3.34% in 2013. Logically, one in four cars sold is of this type makes their offer is the most numerous. All brands want to be present and the model that presents “to the battle” is often the most representative of the manufacturer.

We must clarify that these figures include other type sedans (with an extra trunk) or family. Those will be left for other shopping guides, because otherwise the listing would be too long. Here we will focus on hatchback bodies, two-volume tailgate, the most popular in Europe and Spain, with three or five doors (there are some with enough differences between them).

They have a medium size that begins to push customers towards diesel propellants, which accumulated most of the sales, no less than 137,169 units, for 51,588 of gasoline. In the latter the versions of these models of clearly sporty dye are framed, which conquer the younger public. But eye, that the mechanics of gasoline increase their sales more than the diesels, since the brands already include in their ranges engines of lower displacement that, aided with the turbo they achieve fair consumptions if they are not demanded too much.

Two models are the great referents of the market, the Seat León and the Volkswagen Golf. At some distance are the Peugeot 308, the Renault Megane and the Opel Astra. They also surpass the 10,000 units the Citroën C4, Ford Focus and Toyota Auris. But the options are numerous, like mentioned, and you can choose according to the needs of space and, above all, budget.

What compact car to buy?

In the table below you will see how a compact C-segment is a car that exceeds four meters long. As you can see, we have highlighted in bold the highest and lowest values in the measurements of these vehicles, as well as the boot capacities. The cargo chests of the Maletros are located near the 400 liters… something just for the luggage of several people from a trip of many days, but enough for a getaway.

Comparison of the offer of compacts in 2018:

As the purchase of a car is not only decided with external measures, interior and boot, then we give a simple review of the main features (strengths and weaknesses) of each of the new utilities that you can currently Find and on the market. You can expand information by clicking on each of the titles (which will direct you to all the articles, videos and tests that we have published about them).

Alfa Romeo Giulietta

The Alfa Romeo Giulietta 2016 is a compact that has received a series of changes in its aesthetics to give it a more modern image. Regarding the Giulietta 2010 (see Test), which was slightly updated in 2014, changes the design of bumper, the new typography of the Giulietta logo on the tailgate and exhaust outlets. These are improvements to bring your image closer to the Giulia, the brand’s new saloon.

The interior beats a technological leap through the Uconnect system that incorporates the infotainment screens of 5 or 6.5 inches. New upholstery for seats and doors are also included. One could choose between three levels of finishing in its launching: Basic, Super (the more balanced, with a pair of packages of Mejroa) and speedy (the sportier, the denomination is lost Green Quadrifoglio). From the basics are included as standard elements such as the climate control, the Alpha DNA selector, the system of retention in slopes and screen of 5 inches with Uconnect.

The initial mechanical offer is really complete. There are four petrol engines, from 1.4 Turbo of 120 CV (which can also run with LPG), passing through the 1.4 turbo Multiair, available in 150 and 170 CV, and by the top of the range, the 1750 TBi with 240 CV carried by the Giulietta Swifte we have tested. The diesel range starts with the new 1.6 liters JTDm 120 hp engine, followed by the 2.0 JTDm, available in 150 and 175 CV.

All engines are associated with a six-speed manual gearbox, although some can equip the DCT dual-clutch automatic gearbox and six ratios. There is no shortage of selectror Alfa DNA, which acts on different parameters (motor torque, change relations, accelerator response, ESC control system, ASR traction control…) Depending on the driving mode chosen.

Audi A3

The Audi A3 2016 is one of the premium compacts par excellence. With regard to the Audi A3 2012 has some aesthetic touches, mechanical novelties and, above all, an important technological updating. It is offered with up to four different bodyworks, having this three doors, the five Sportback doors, the Cabrio and the sedan. This specimen is 4.24 meters long and its exterior stands out for a sportier appearance.

The cockpit is one of the aspects that have been renewed. It will continue to maintain the quality and distinction, but you can also add for the first time an element as important as the Audi Virtual Cockpit, digital instrumentation and customizable with a 12.3 inch screen. The MMI multimedia system has been redesigned and is now more intuitive and has better connectivity.

The equipment of the new Audi A3 will be divided into four finishes that can be added to the series model. Initially the compact mounts 16-inch rims, climate control or light and rain sensors. Adding the ‘ Design Edition ‘ finish adds 17-inch rims or cruise control, while the ‘ Sport Edition ‘ has sport suspension and driving modes. In addition the ‘ s Line Edition ‘ has a sportier look with 18-inch rims and LED headlamps, and the ‘ black Line Edition ‘ adds black details.

The Audi A3 has a complete range of engines with six different options. There are three in diesel with the engine 1.6 TDI of 116 CV and the 2.0 TDI with 150 or 184 CV. The remaining three are petrol, with the 1.0 TFSI of 116 hp, the 1.4 TFSI of 150 hp and 2.0 TFSI of 190 cv. All mechanics can be linked to a manual change or to the dual-clutch automatic S tronic. The most powerful also accept the Quattro traction. Do not forget the sporty Audi S3 with 310 hp.

BMW Serie 1

It has recently reached the market the BMW 1 2017 series, a light renovation to remain competitive in this disputed segment. There are no notable differences compared to the previous series 1 of 2015, highlight some touches on the outside, more technology for its interior and a range of engines efficient and updated. It also comes with three special editions: Edition Sport Line Shadow, edition M Sport Shadow and BMW M140i Edition shadow.

In the cockpit it is easier to see the changes than on the outside. It has an updated instrumentation and a dashboard more focused towards the driver. Also new are the central console, air conditioning outlets and some materials and upholstery can count on the latest generation of the multimedia system iDrive with touch screen 8.8 inches. In terms of habitability it remains identical to its predecessor.

The BMW 1 series can be chosen with three different levels of equipment. Part with the Advantage QE already includes 16-inch rims, rear parking sensors, servotronic or cruise control with brake function. It follows the sport finish that adds sports seats and steering wheel or LED headlamps. Above it is the Urban that adds the chromed exterior line, mixed upholstery and higher quality mouldings.

The range of engines in series 1 is the most complete. In petrol are the 116i of 109 CV (three cylinders and manual change), the 118i with 136 CV (manual or Automatic Steptronic), the 120i with 184 CV (manual or Automatic), the 125i with 224 CV (automatic only) and the powerful M140i with 340 CV (six cylinders , manual or automatic change and possibility of xDrive traction). In Diesel are the 116d of three cylinders with 116 CV, it follows the 118d with 150 CV and possibility of traction xDrive, the 120d with 190 CV (possibility of traction xDrive) and the 125d with 224 CV (only with front traction and automatic change Steptronic).

Ford Focus

The third generation of the Ford Focus came to the market in 2011 and its restlyling arrives in the mid 2014. The novelties are focused on being a more technological model, in addition to slightly changing the design (already adopts the new frontal with the trapezoidal grille that inaugurated the Ford Evos concept that already mount other models of the brand). Use more efficient engines. It can only be chosen with a five-door body (there is a saloon and a family, which we will analyze in other guides).

It is a noble car, with a precise direction. Their suspensions have a great balance between comfort and behavior. Its range of engines is very complete. In petrol stands out the 1.0 EcoBoost, which with a liter of cubic capacity yields 100 or 125 CV and gets consumptions of a diesel. To the dealers the new Focus will come with new petrol engines EcoBoost 1.5 (in variants of 150 hp and 180 hp. The most powerful is the Ford Fiesta ST, which with 250 CV is one of the benchmarks of the segment, Beyond by power, by behavior. The diesel range covers engines from 95 to 150 CV (this must replace the 163 CV). There is also a version of LPG.

It is one of the most sold of the segment. Its interior stands out for space in height, but it is somewhat narrow, especially in the back squares and slightly reduced visibility. In this last restyling has opted to improve the driving position, eliminating paw buttons direct attention to the evolved integrated connectivity System Sync 2, with its corresponding high resolution color touch screen 8 inches, the Voice control of your applications and an improved browser. Its finishes are in the mid-high part of the segment, as well as its price. There are three levels of equipment: Trend, Titanium and Sport.

Honda Civic

The Honda Civic 2017 is the tenth generation of the compact model and arrives to replace the previous civic 2015. After more than four decades in the market, this specimen is postulated as a global product that will be sold with hatchback bodywork in all markets. It sits on a new platform and maintains the lines of the prototype Civic Hatchback concept with an aggressive and dynamic look with some outstanding elements such as wide bumpers, torn headlights or a lagging with double spoiler and central exhaust pipe in Some versions.

The interior of this model also receives a technological update with the Honda Connect multimedia system with 7 inch touch screen or digital instrumentation. It is the largest Civic in history with 4.52 meters long and a battle of 2.7 meters and that is noticeable inside. The habitability is notable in front and rear squares, while the trunk remains a reference in the segment with its 478 liters capacity.

The new Honda Civic has its equipment divided into six finishing levels (three for each engine). The 1.0 VTEC can be chosen with the Comfort (already has 16-inch rims or heated seats), Elegance (with 17-inch rims, Honda Connect or Honda Sensing) and executive (solar roof or LED headlamps). With the 1.5 VTEC engine you can choose the sport (aerodynamic kit or double central exhaust), sport Plus (cordless charger or adaptive suspension) and Prestige (chrome elements or leather upholstery/leather simile).

The range of Civic engines is completely new. At the moment there are only two gasoline mechanics available, but soon a diesel will arrive. The access engine is the 1.0 VTEC Turbo with three cylinders and 129 hp. The top of the range is the 1.5 VTEC of four cylinders and 182 CV that we have already been able to test. Both motors can go with manual shift or with one automatic CVT. The sport version Honda Civic Type R with 320 CV will soon be available.